I started my own blog about how great I was. I assigned my students another essay, collected it and realized my students did not understand writing for purpose and audience. In shock, I logged on to my blog, erased what I had written, sent individual e-mails to all three people who had read it and cancelled my day trip to Charleston, South Carolina.
Introduce or review the Purpose and Audience Analysis sheet. Ask students to identify the purpose and audience of the New York Times article that they read for homework. Note their responses on the board or on chart paper.
Next, ask students to identify how the purpose and audience for the article shaped the text itself.
You might ask questions such as the following: What was the purpose of the article? How could you tell? What are the characteristics of the audience? How could you tell who the audience for the article was? What did the audience seem most interested in? How did the purpose and audience shape the kinds of details that were included?
Why was the order of the information appropriate for the audience? If students explored additional resources on the Scopes Trial during the previous session, ask them to identify the audience and purpose of some of the additional texts if desired.
The audience and purpose of the political cartoons and sheet music should be especially obvious, so they can provide easy success for students who are less experienced with audience analysis. Ask students to brainstorm a list of positions that someone writing about the trial might take and the related audiences that person might address.
Again, note the information on the board or on chart paper. If students have difficulty getting started, ask them about possible positions first e.
After they decide on positions, ask them to think about audiences they might communicate that position to and the purposes for that communication.
Encourage students to define very specific audiences and positions. Arrange the class into as many groups as you have audiences on the board or narrow your list to 3 or 4 audiences if you prefer. Assign a position and audience to each group.
Have each group work through the purpose questions on the Purpose and Audience Analysis sheet for the particular group they are considering.
After students have had several minutes to answer the purpose questions, ask each group to share the information they identified with the rest of the class.
Display and demonstrate the Audience Analysis Inventory for the class. Be sure that you demonstrate how to complete each of the following tasks in the interactive: Create additional subsections for their answers.
Indent and outdent subsections. Reorder information using the Up and Down arrows.
Use the Zoom buttons to navigate in the outline. Print their finished work. Working in their groups, ask students to work through the questions in the Audience Analysis Inventory for their particular audience.
Circulate among groups as they work, and remind students to print their finished inventory for you to read later. Once students have completed the Audience Analysis Inventoryask each group to brainstorm ways that they would convince the particular audience of the specific position on the trial.
After students have had ten to fifteen minutes to work, ask them to summarize their points on chart paper or on a section of the board. Ask each group to choose a representative to present their ideas to the rest of the class.
When groups are ready, gather the class and ask each group to share their ideas with the rest of the class. Ask class members to listen for similarities and differences among the strategies that the groups would use to present their information to the specific audience.Technical Writing Types of audiences One of the first things to do when you analyze an audience is to identify its type (or types—it’s rarely just one type).
Technical writing is sometimes defined as simplifying the complex..
Inherent in such a concise and deceptively simple definition is a whole range of skills and characteristics that address nearly every field of human endeavor at some level. “The fundamental purpose of scientific discourse is not whether a large majority of the reading audience accurately perceives what the author had in mind.
technical writing; use the examples presented to guide you in your writing and revising process. The audience and purpose of the political cartoons and sheet music should be especially obvious, so they can provide easy success for students who are less experienced with audience analysis.
Ask students to brainstorm a list of positions that someone writing about the trial might take and the related audiences that person might address. Writing for a complex audience is different from academic writing.
In academia, there is a specific audience for most pieces of writing, generally an instructor, teaching assistant, or a fairly small group of peers. Generic worksheet for students to use to identify purpose and audience for an existing website, or for specifying for a website they are designing.
Useful for /5(4).