Personality Theory and Research: Suggested readings Overviews The field of personality has changed a great deal in the past 20 years and the textbooks in the field have finally caught up with the changes. Texts are now organized around theoretical problems rather than by theorist.
This article was originally submitted in to Australian Catholic University as part of a Masters Programme. The great seventeenth century poet and satirist Alexander Pope wrote in his famous poem, Essay on Man, the following words: Preceding the application of specific theories and models, what we have at the very heart of the counselling experience is the reality of at least one person whose life consists of a myriad of issues and who is endeavouring to bring a sense of meaning and understanding to those same issues.
The subject of the counselling experience, usually referred to as the client, is then the alpha and omega of the whole process.
In a primitive and almost quaint way, Pope, highlights what is driving all counselling practice, viz. This is the philosophical basis for my counselling practice. My role in the counselling encounter is to facilitate the process of personal growth in my clients and to assist them in the often difficult task of effecting the changes they desire to bring about.
The task of this essay then is to detail the aforesaid mentioned tasks, specifically from the perspectives of the four dimensions listed as integral to the process. The task of assessment. This then is the reason which underpins my belief in the value and necessity of all encompassing assessment and decision-making procedures for my counselling practice.
In their book, Therapeutic Psychology: Fundamentals of Counselling and Psychotherapy, the authors Brammer, Shostrom and Abrego write that the purpose of integrative assessment is to attempt to answer several key questions.
How do these problems fit into a comprehensive picture of client functioning? It is important to note that diagnosis and assessment are not the same processes. They do however have the same end goals, viz.
I am not skilled in the technical aspects of clinical diagnosis, though I do utilise all resources at my disposal to assess the presenting problems confronting my clients, in order to implement the most appropriate and beneficial procedures for their welfare.
The importance of assessment for me is seen by the fact that it is one of the foundational underpinnings of my counselling practice.
In the last few months, I believe that with the techniques and skills I have learned and studied, I have acquired a level of knowledge and maturity that was previously lacking in my practice. Theoretically, I have shifted from an almost exclusively humanistic approach to a more eclectic one, drawing largely on Rogerian techniques to assist initially in the establishment of rapport and empathy, but then employing a mixture of cognitive therapy and rational emotive techniques.
My experience has been that it has given more definition not only to my methodology, but has also provided a framework in which my clients are able to express themselves confidently and constructively, as well as engaging themselves in the process of their own development.
As part of this process of information gathering, I help them to note several of the issues associated with their behavioural problems, including their thoughts, feelings and responsive behaviours when confronted with difficulties.
Part of the strategies I employ with the client is to assist them in assessing their previous attempts at dealing with the presenting problems. Several of the issues that I would explore with the client in a coping skills model involve helping them to assess their general social skills, including their ability to be a good conversationalist and listener and the balance they achieve between assertiveness and respectful tolerance.
It is also of benefit for them to assess the more intimate interpersonal skills such as the ability of selecting and maintaining viable loving relationships and the level of possession of their appropriate socialisation skills.
Other areas that the client may benefit from exploring include the realms of their cognitive and feeling capacities.
Through assessing their ability to concentrate and to be flexible in finding solutions to problems, clients can display their abilities for effective cognitive functioning.
By demonstrating a capacity to be in touch with their feelings and to experience appropriate emotional arousal, the client may well demonstrate their own level of true self awareness and esteem, which may well underpin their own self —expectations. Kleinke outlines five themes which often become the focus of psychotherapy.
The other technique that I am striving to incorporate into my model of counselling is the Lazarus model of BASIC-ID, which helps clients and myself in the assessment process.HumanMetrics is an online tests provider focused on personality, relationships, and entrepreneurship testing.
This article was originally submitted in to Australian Catholic University as part of a Masters Programme. The great seventeenth century poet and satirist Alexander Pope wrote in his famous poem, Essay on Man, the following words: “Know then thyself, presume not God to scan; The proper study of mankind, is man.”.
This is the reference page for academic references for persuasion-related topics. There are a range of theories of leadership and management. Theories of leadership I looked at included the ‘Trait theory’ – this theory suggests that people are born with a range of traits (qualities or attributes), and that some of these traits are ideally suited to leadership.
Running head: Personality Assessment Instrument Paper Personality Assessment Instrument Paper Sandra Allen PSYCH/ Personality Theories 04/12/ This article was originally submitted in to Australian Catholic University as part of a Masters Programme.
The great seventeenth century poet and satirist Alexander Pope wrote in his famous poem, Essay on Man, the following words: “Know then thyself, presume not God to scan; The proper study of mankind, is man.”.