Slavery on the Western Border:
Allegory depicting the rebuilding of the Union, with the figure of Christ saying "Do to others as you would have others do to you. Without the churches' growing conviction that the hand of Providence was indicating the need to end slavery, it is unlikely that the government would eventually have embraced full emancipation as a war aim.
In a similar fashion, the Protestant churches appear to have helped sustain, at least for a few brief years after the war, the energy that was devoted to achieving a Reconstruction based on the ideals of the so-called Radical Republicans.
This was a Reconstruction in which the vote would supposedly be available in the language of the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution without regard to "race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
The level of popular interest is attested by the fact that dozens of new titles on the Civil War appear every year as trade books as well as academic monographs, that magazines dealing solely with the Civil War enjoy a wide readership, and that hundreds if not thousands of re-enactors continue to fight battles such as Gettysburg, Fredericksburg, and Shiloh every year.
In his book Confederates in the AtticTony Horwitz discusses this phenomenon and even tells the story of a re-enactor who specializes in mimicking the appearance of a dead soldier whose body has become bloated by the first stages of putrefaction!
The energy, time, and money invested in the Civil War far exceeds that given to other historical topics. There is, of course, a danger in opening discussion in this fashion. Perhaps the tendency to fix attention on the details of battle can be turned into a classroom ally.
Most students will have seen at least one movie depicting a Civil War battle. The teacher might remind those who have seen Gettysburg of its depiction of Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain's 20th Maine regiment holding Little Round Top against charge after charge while their comrades dropped around them.
What is it that prompted the men to stand fast in face of a sheet of flying lead and then to charge with fixed bayonets when they were out of ammunition and near exhaustion?
Of course, the same point can be made even more graphically from the Southern side by recalling the nearly suicidal character of Pickett's charge.
Ask students to reflect on the reasons that men would be willing to endure such risks. After the discussion runs a bit, the teacher might then introduce some of the religious ideas that the men would have received from their churches, their families, or their chaplains.
Students should be asked to ponder these as possible motivations for standing fast in time of danger.
Another way of introducing students to the religious dimension of the Yankee cause might be to direct them to the writings of people with whom they may already have passing familiarity. Many of Abraham Lincoln's speeches evoke religious themes]. The Gettysburg Address deals with the notion of "a new birth of freedom" through the shedding of blood [full text at lcweb.
His Second Inaugural Address, considered by many to be one of the greatest state papers of American history, likewise evokes ideas of God working out his purpose amidst the carnage of the war [full text at showcase.
A close reading of these relatively short documents provides the teacher with a way of illustrating the prevalence of religious themes during the war.
If we shall suppose that American slavery is one of those offenses which, in the providence of God, must needs come, but which, having continued through His appointed time, He now wills to remove, and that He gives to both North and South this terrible war as the woe due to those by whom the offense came, shall we discern therein any departure from those divine attributes which the believers in a living God always ascribe to Him?
Of the thousands of titles dealing with the Civil War, surprisingly few address the significant role that religion played in framing the issues of the conflict. Fortunately, this neglect has begun to recede.
Randall Miller, Harry S. Stout and Charles Reagan Wilson, eds. Links to online resources James Howell Moorhead holds a Ph. He is the author of American Apocalypse: Yankee Protestants and the Civil War, He has also written World without End: He is senior editor of The Journal of Presbyterian History.Women in the Ranks: Concealed Identities in Civil War Era North Carolina.
T he August 19, issue of the Weekly Enquirer of Columbus, Georgia printed the following under a column titled "The Female Volunteer". In calling the roll of a regiment of conscripts who had just entered the camp of instruction at Raleigh, N.C., last week, one more "man" was present than called for by the list.
This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the . The Events That Caused The American Civil War Causes Of The Civil War Summary States’ Rights The Missouri Compromise The Dred Scott Decision The Abolitionist Movement Abolitionist John Brown John Brown’s Raid On Harpers Ferry Slavery In America Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Harriet Beecher Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin Secessionism Abraham Lincoln’s Election Civil War Causes .
, Billie. Letter, 2 January Accession 4 pages. Letter, 2 January , from a soldier named Billie at Petersburg, Virginia, to his sister Maggie describing the wintery weather conditions around Petersburg during the siege of Less than 40 years after the Civil War, General John G.
Haskell, the president of the Kansas Historical Society, described slavery in western Missouri as “a more domestic than commercial institution,” in which the “social habits were those of the farm and not the plantation.”.
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