Han and roman attitudes toward technology dbq essay

How to Write a Summary of an Article? New ideas are being introduced, and innovations to current technologies are always taking place. Some may see changes in technology as a vital and helpful thing, while others may oppose.

Han and roman attitudes toward technology dbq essay

Many institutions were set up to settle legal disputes, and Roman law appeared in every town governed by the empire. The influence of Roman law would long outlast the empire. The basis of Roman society, as proclaimed by the laws, was the family, headed by a pater familias, who had power over his dependents.

However, Roman women were quite free and had greater control over their wealth and property than preceding states in the Mediterranean. One key difference from the Han was an extensive institution of slavery, in which slave laborers were used in large numbers to produce goods [37].

Roman society was a relatively hierarchical society. Each social group had well-defined roles. Birth was an important indicator of social position. While the elite could enjoy a relatively wealthy life and could expect to become officials and hold high positions, lower classes could not expect such luxury.

In trials, the Roman elite was better privileged; they received preferential treatment from imperial courts. They could not be subject to cruel punishments. For the lower classes, the fastest way to advance socially was the army or trade [38].

Han society was divided into a number of classes, all played a role within this complex society.

Han and roman attitudes toward technology dbq essay

The basis of this society were free peasants, who formed the base of the tax revenues of the state and who produced most of the agricultural crop. Governing them were the scholar-officials, educated men who were interpreters of the empire's official ideology, Confucianism.

These men also helped link the central government with local society. Merchants were also a class, but they were subject to controls by the state and often forced to partner with the state, who also took monopolies in salt, steel and wine, further restricting merchants.

At the bottom of society were convicts, beggars and slaves, who formed a small part of the population. For wealthy families, life was good; they displayed their wealth in lavish meals, and lived in large homes in which women lived in the inner quarters.

Poorer farmers and tenant laborers worked on their fields. Women in poorer families did not have such luxury and often worked in the fields with their husbands or acted as entertainers. Silk clothes were abundant and worn by all classes.

Music and entertainment were separated from rituals, with the exception of funeral rites which were taken very seriously. The legalist thought believed at least in theory that everyone was equal under the emperor.

Therefore, punishments for the same crimes were the same in writing, though this was not always carried out.

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Social mobility was also relatively great, especially in the military. Confucianism also asserted that "A man, even though he may be poor, can by his acts be a gentleman. A rich nobleman, even though he may been born well, can by his acts be called shameful.

This thought had the effect of weakening the nobility and strengthening the emperor. The influence of the nobility was also weaker as the new merchant class asserted its presence and wealth energetically; the Han abolished hereditary positions. In theory, everyone could become an official [40].

Hereditary positions came back later, as evidenced by the fact that the founder of the Tang dynasty was the hereditary duke of Tang, and regional governors were allowed to pass titles on.

Religion The religion in ancient Rome was much more extensive than the Han religion. While the Roman rulers organized a state religion [41] and the emperors took a big part in it, the Han emperors were more secular; they acknowledged the existence of the gods and took part in ceremonies, but were for the most part unconcerned with them [42].What were roman attitudes toward other religions?

The ancient Romans were very tolerant towards other religions and many times found that the foreign gods were the same as their own. Han and Roman Attitudes Toward Technology Essay Sample.

Attitudes Towards Technology in the Han and Roman Empires | Free Essays - timberdesignmag.com

Throughout the history Han Dynasty of China and the Roman Empire were the two enormous political unities, both . Rome was very successful because of its superior military authority. That is the main influential factor that cemented Roman power for nearly a thousand years.

They had several advantages – rapid development of the latest technology and vast numbers of infantry along with a stable senate system and much wealth to fuel their ambitions. DBQ Han and Roman Attitudes toward Technology From the around second century B.C.E. to the third century C.E.

Topic outline

the Han and Roman attitudes toward technology were different in how they took pride in some of their inventions with the Han accepting the role of the craftsmen and their technology they created showed in documents Evaluate similarities and differences in Han and Roman attitudes towards merchants and trade.

CCOT (TP) LEQ Evaluate extent that the Neolithic revolution marked a . Thesis: MUST address “attitudes towards technology” not about effects of technology, sources of technology or types of technology Addresses all documents: MUST group ALL documents Supports thesis with evidence from the documents: • Avoid listing or summarizing the documents • Do NOT list documents (Doc 1, 2 and 3 say..).

Course: AP World History