Three individuals took part in each session of the experiment:
Eisenhardt 's methodological work. Yin 's guidelines and making positivist assumptions. There are substantial methodological differences between these approaches.
Case selection and structure[ edit ] An average, or typical case, is often not the richest in information. In clarifying lines of history and causation it is more useful to select subjects that offer an interesting, unusual or particularly revealing set of circumstances.
A case selection that is based on representativeness will seldom be able to produce these kinds of insights.
When selecting a case for a case study, researchers will therefore use information-oriented sampling, as opposed to random sampling. Alternatively it may be chosen because of researchers' in-depth local knowledge; where researchers have this local knowledge they are in a position to "soak and poke" as Richard Fenno put it,  and thereby to offer reasoned lines of explanation based on this rich knowledge of setting and circumstances.
Three types of cases may thus be distinguished for selection: Key cases Outlier cases Local knowledge cases Whatever the frame of reference for the choice of the subject of the case study key, outlier, local knowledgethere is a distinction to be made between the subject and the object of the case study.
The subject is the "practical, historical unity" through which the theoretical focus of the study is being viewed. Thus, for example, if a researcher were interested in US resistance to communist expansion as a theoretical focus, then the Korean War might be taken to be the subject, the lens, the case study through which the theoretical focus, the object, could be viewed and explicated.
Gary Thomas thus proposes a typology for the case study wherein purposes are first identified evaluative or exploratorythen approaches are delineated theory-testing, theory-building or illustrativethen processes are decided upon, with a principal choice being between whether the study is to be single or multiple, and choices also about whether the study is to be retrospective, snapshot or diachronic, and whether it is nested, parallel or sequential.
The typology thus offers many permutations for case-study structure. These are, to a differentiable degree, similar to the case study in that many contain reviews of the relevant literature of the topic discussed in the thorough examination of an array of cases published to fit the criterion of the report being presented.
These case reports can be thought of as brief case studies with a principal discussion of the new, presented case at hand that presents a novel interest. In a case where the market of any organisation is in a messy state, the agency will always seek to find out some of the reasons why the scenario is that way.
They will have to gather information that may help them in solving such issues. For this to be fully achieved, one must be able to carry out a market research to establish where the problem is. This, therefore, calls for the different methods which can be used in a situation where one wants to conduct a marketing research.
The organisations have to choose one of the available techniques so that they can thoroughly conduct their investigations. Some of the primary methods that would be used included interviews, surveys, focus groups, observations and in some cases use field trials.
Types of case studies[ edit ] In public-relations research, three types of case studies are used: Under the more generalized category of case study exist several subdivisions, each of which is custom selected for use depending upon the goals of the investigator.SEVEN CASE STUDIES OF PEOPLE WITH SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROBLEMS ABOUT THE CASE STUDIES: (These case studies are a collaborative effort.
The Josiah Macy Foundation in New York City. Popular Books on Psychology. This is a classic collection of case studies of people with schizophrenia and Laing’s existential analysis of their personal alienation and estrangement from themselves and society. This book presents four case studies of obsessions and compulsions, which illustrate the sources, effects, and treatment of.
A listing of psychological research being conducted online. Table of Contents Cognition Consumer Psychology Cyber Psychology Developmental. Welcome to the official Stanford Prison Experiment website, which features extensive information about a classic psychology experiment that inspired an award-winning movie, New York Times bestseller, and documentary DVD.
Get this from a library! Classic case studies in psychology. [G W P Rolls] -- "The human mind is both extraordinary and compelling. But this is more than a collection of case studies; it is a selection of stories that illustrate some .
The Milgram experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley timberdesignmag.com measured the willingness of study participants, men from a diverse range of occupations with varying levels of education, to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform acts conflicting with their personal conscience.