First Principles 1 My choice for the most succinct summary of the Gospel is the one which opens the First Letter of John: Only in Jesus Christ do we receive a full revelation of God such that we can finally embrace "that God is light and in God there is no darkness at all. We learn about the nature of human idolatry at the same time that we begin to know who God really is in Jesus Christ. Conversely, who God really is becomes more clear as we learn to see, under the grace of forgiveness, how we human beings project our darkness onto God.
Understanding Fascism and anti-Semitism by - October 23, Fascism is recognized to have first been officially developed by Benito Mussolini, who came to power in Italy in To sum up fascism in one word would be to say "anti-liberalism".
Fascism is much more than that however, but understanding fascism is in fact one of the most important elements in understanding the 20th century and our modern world.
In Mussolini declared that the 20th century would be the "Fascist century" by stating: Political doctrines pass; peoples remain. It is to be expected that this century may be that of authority, a century of the "Right," a Fascist century.
What, then, is fascism exactly? In order to understand fascism it is first important to understand the climate of the early 20th century in which fascism took shape. Fascism was born out of the ruins of World War I, in which Mussolini served. Fascism was immediately reactionary to its surroundings in Europe, which was dominated by the two established powers of Britain and France.
Britain and France were seen as economically dominant but decaying imperial civilizations who were imposing their hegemony on the rest of Europe. At the same time, Russia had recently undergone its Bolshevik Revolution and was supporting Marxist revolutionary activity and ideology throughout Europe.
All of the countries in which fascism took root were countries that had significant socialist movements.
Fascism was the opposition to those socialist movements. Fascism further recognized the finance capitalism of the United States and Britain as a destructive and corrupting force on "Western Culture" and as a threat to the still developing European countries, such as Italy, Germany and Ireland.
So, this was the environment in which fascism formed; in an environment where the "lesser" countries of Europe felt trapped between the established powers of international capital and the powers of revolutionary Marxism.
Fascism was ultimately born out of, and supported by, conservatism and the belief that Western Civilization had become decadent and self-ruinous. In Oswald Spengler, who wrote Decline of the Westwrote that the infection the West was suffering came from certain elements.
He went on to state: The organism of the West has been weakened, debilitated by these ideologies. Well, there is in existence only one movement existing at the present time which has the courage possessing the power of a great nation to be fundamentally, openly, ferociously anti-liberal, anti- democratic, anti-Freemason: The fact that "The Decline of the West" was written, read and believed is clear proof that Germany, and with it Europe, was in deadly danger, heading for destruction.
Spengler pinpointed the worldview situation of the declining liberal age.
Mussolini argued that it was ridiculous to base policy simply on the desires of the majority because of his belief in the decline of Western Civilization and the idea that the majority of people had become decadent.
In his essay on fascism, Fascism: Doctrine and InstitutionsMussolini wrote: In fact, Germany was the birthplace of Marxism, as it is where Karl Marx was born and schooled and where his ideologies were first accepted. Germany, at the time of the fascist takeover, had one of the strongest Marxist traditions in the world with a large and organized Marxist labor movement.
Fascism ultimately rejected all of the ideas contained in Marxism and took action to break Marxist labor movements. Marxism champions the pursuit of the equality of race, gender, and economic status. Marxism stated that democracy as it was practiced was not truly representative of all people, it was only representative of establishment interests, and thus Marxism was a call for "true" and total democracy where every citizen was totally equal in their political influence.
Marxism, of course, stated that religion was the "opium of the people" and a barrier to solutions for worldly problems, and Marxism, as an atheist ideology, acknowledges nothing supernatural and held that the only things that exist are material; that all of reality is simply the material reality that we see and experience.
Additionally, Marxism held that "class struggle" was the driving force of social progress, and that class struggle was the appropriate means by which a just society would be created. Fascism was based on the fundamental rejection of all of these ideas. Mussolini states in his essay on fascism: Such a conception of life makes Fascism the complete opposite of that doctrine, the base of so-called scientific and Marxian Socialism, the materialist conception of history; according to which the history of human civilization can be explained simply through the conflict of interests among the various social groups and by the change and development in the means and instruments of production.Welcome to the Giving Common, a detailed, online resource that connects you to in-depth information about nonprofit organizations working to enhance communities across Massachusetts.
Analysis of Cathedral by Raymond Carver In “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver, it is about two men who are blind, one physically and the other psychologically. Carver uses a narrator who is a faux naif narrating his story about his life. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from timberdesignmag.com The Blindness of the Non-Blind The short story "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver displays one man's new found understanding and acceptance of a blind man over a relatively short period of time.
The narrator represents the story's dominant theme of overcoming fear and prejudice of the blind through personal experience as well as mutual respect. Reviews, essays, books and the arts: the leading international weekly for literary culture. All the Light We Cannot See by Anthony Doerr This book has the most hauntingly beautiful prose I've ever read.
It's brimming with rich details that fill all five senses simultaneously.