Aye, lad, and I have seen those factories, Gambia, Rio Pongo, Calabar; have watched the artful mongos baiting traps of war wherein the victor and the vanquished Were caught as prizes for our barracoons. Have seen the nigger kings whose vanity and greed turned wild black hides of Fellatah, Mandingo, Ibo, Kru to gold for us.
Because his parents were divorced when he was quite young, his mother left him with neighbors, William and Sue Ellen Hayden, who gave him their name and raised him.
Nearsighted and introverted, Hayden spent many hours reading and writing, and published his first poem at eighteen. In he had married Erma Morris, a musician and teacher.
In he began teaching at Fisk University and in joined the English Department of the University of Michigan, where he taught until his death. Much of his life Hayden wrote good poetry with little recognition. He was sustained by some awards and by friendships with other poets: During the s he was published by Liveright Angle of Ascent,elected a fellow of the American Academy of Poets, and in chosen as Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress, the first African American ever to hold that post.
Opposed to ethnocentrism, he refused to allow race to define subject matter. He also refused to believe that black social and political frustrations demanded poetry aimed exclusively at a black readership.
Two criteria pertained for all artists: Universality, moreover, did not mean denial of racial material; it meant building out of personal and ethnic experience to human insights that could reach across group lines.
His output for over forty years, however, suggests the deepest of commitments both to his own race and to humanity as a whole.The iconic “Those Winter Sundays” and similar poems provide a remote, mournful melancholy, exploring the poet’s complicated upbringing and “greatest discouragement.” But mostly, Hayden explores the human need to presume, to value, to maintain faith .
Robert Frost Emily Dickinson Elizabeth Barrett Browning E.
E. Cummings Walt Whitman William Wordsworth Allen Ginsberg Sylvia Plath Jack Prelutsky William Butler Yeats Thomas Hardy Robert Hayden Amy Lowell Oscar Wilde Theodore Roethke All Poets.
Introduction and Text of Poem, "[American Journal]" The form of Robert Hayden's innovative poem, "[American Journal]," is unique; it features phrasings and clauses separated by . Explication of Robert Hayden's 'Those Winter Sundays' The use of alliteration is perhaps most apparent in the initial stanza where the term "blueblack" and "blaze" are used.
Those Winter Sundays, by Robert Hayden, is a beautiful poem.
Hayden s poem tells a grown man s perspective of his father. In the poem it is clear that there is distance between them and little communication. But it is discovered at the end of the poem, that love is actually present.
Robert Hayden () Born Asa Bundy Sheffey in Detroit, Michigan, Hayden grew up in a poor, racially mixed neighborhood. Because his parents were divorced when he was quite young, his mother left him with neighbors, William and Sue Ellen Hayden, who gave him their name and raised him.