Challenges include reduced coverage of nutritional screening and referral at community level, low quality of management of SAM cases and break of therapeutic products, which resulted in increased number of children who died and reduced number of children cured or defaulted in the treatment programme in some provinces. Cholera remains a concern with three of 18 provinces reporting outbreaks in UNICEF has identified and ranked seven out of the 18 provinces as being at high risk for cholera outbreaks.
Freedom in the World Status: Not Free Key Developments, June 1, — May 31, Online content remained uncensored and unrestricted during the coverage period, though online bots were among the top influencers on social media during the August elections see Limits on Content. The laws empower the government with the ability to penalize online speech and ban online content see Legal Environment.
Prominent journalist and blogger Rafael Marques de Morais was taken to court in March for "crimen injuria" insult against Angola's attorney general; he was acquitted in July in a win for press freedom see Prosecutions and Arrests for Online Activities.
While there has been no censorship of online content to date, government officials have increasingly called for the regulation of social media over the years. The elections proceeded with little surprise and no reported restrictions on internet freedom, though automated online bots were among the top influencers on social media during the elections period.
Despite the state's monopolistic controls on traditional media in the country, particularly in television and radio, the internet remained the main outlet for critics and opposition parties during the elections period.
There were fewer arrests for online activities compared to previous years, though a defamation case against the prominent journalist and blogger Rafael Marques de Morais began in March Morais, who runs the critical news blog Maka Angola, was charged with "crimen injuria" insult for an October article published on the news site that accused Angola's attorney general of illegal business practices in his purchase of state-owned land.
In a win for press freedom in Angola, the blogger was acquitted in July Internet and mobile phone penetration remained low, hindered largely by high costs and poor infrastructure that limit access primarily in urban areas.
Senior government officials have direct and indirect shareholder participation in many Angolan ICT companies, providing the government with some level of control over the sector. Availability and Ease of Access Access to the internet in Angola is one of the lowest in the world with a penetration rate of 13 percent inaccording to the latest available data from the International Telecommunications Union ITU.
Consequently, few Angolan households have internet access at home. Those who are able log online at their workplaces, especially in the capital, Luanda. In rural areas, voice and data services can be twice as expensive and of much poorer quality, subject to frequent cuts and extremely slow connection speeds as a result of poor infrastructure.
ICT access is further hindered by the country's fractured electricity system that has steadily declined in access for the country's population, serving only 32 percent of the population, mostly in urban areas, according to the latest World Bank data.
Angola's domestic backbone is currently comprised of microwave, VSAT, and fiber-optic cables. This may enable the government to partially control internet connectivity if desired. It also sets broader goals of poverty alleviation, competitiveness, productivity, employment, and consumer rights.
INACOM determines the sector's regulations and policies, sets prices for telecommunications services, and issues licenses. The regulatory body is, on paper, an independent public institution with both financial and administrative autonomy from the ministry.
In practice, though, its autonomy is fairly limited. In addition, the telecoms ministry has been known to influence staff appointments, while other ministries are often involved in sector policy, leading to politically influenced regulatory decisions.
The inaugural members of ERCA's Governing Board were appointed in Julycomposed of 11 members — 5 appointed by the majority party in parliament; 3 by the opposition; 1 by the government; and 2 by stakeholders in the sector.
Online content remained uncensored and unrestricted during the coverage period, though online bots were among the top influencers on social media during the August elections. Blocking and Filtering There have been no known incidents of the government blocking or filtering online content in Angola, and there are no restrictions on the type of information that can be exchanged through digital media technologies.
Social media and communications apps such as YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, and international blog-hosting services are freely available. Research conducted by the Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Technology Law in Nairobi, Kenya during the August general elections found no confirmed cases of censorship in the country.
In Januarythe government followed through with the implementation of new media laws that created a regulatory body with powers to ban websites see Legal Environment.
To date, no sites have been censored under the new law. Content Removal There were no reports of forced content removal during the coverage period, though informal government demands on users to remove content from the internet have been documented periodically.
In the last known case, a Facebook user arrested in April for a critical post about a military general was forced to remove the post and apologize in exchange for his release. Members of the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola MPLA party own and tightly control a majority of the country's media outlets, including those that are the most widely disseminated and accessed.
Of the dozen or so privately owned newspapers, most are held by individuals connected to the government.
Independent news outlets critical of the government do exist, with Folha8 being the most prominent, though its audience is reached primarily through its print publication. Rede Angola, an independent news blog based in Portugal, is one of the main sources of alternative and independent online news in Angola, alongside the news blogs Club-K and Maka Angola.
Nonetheless, the online information landscape lacks diversity and is unable to represent a variety of groups and viewpoints throughout the country due to both the concentration of internet access in urban areas and the limited space for critical voices in Angola's general media sphere.
In addition, independent outlets, both online and in print, are constrained economically by the lack of advertising revenue from both state and private sources since it is often denied to news outlets that publish critical stories about the government.
According to an Angolan media observer, Rede Angolastruggled to receive advertising revenue from both private and public sources in due to the critical cartoons it often published. The outlet has only managed to stay afloat through financing from its wealthy owner, a Brazilian political communications mogul.The report noted that the August parliamentary elections, in which the ruling Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola won more than 70% of the vote, suffered from serious flaws, including outdated and inaccurate voter rolls.
Angola formally abandoned its currency peg in but reinstituted it in April and maintains an overvalued exchange rate. In late , Angola lost the last of its correspondent relationships with foreign banks, further . Armed Conflicts Report - Angola Cabinda. While generally free and peaceful, some aspects of the recent general elections in Angola lacked transparency, which undermined the credibility of the electoral process, according to a report by the Coalition for Election Observation (Coligação para Observação Eleitoral, COE).
Annual Report; Angola; Back to Angola National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), Broad Convergence for the Salvation of Angola-Electoral Coalition (CASA-CE), and National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) − contended that the election results were illegitimate, but took their seats in Parliament.
Angola Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Report BMI View: The Angolan pharmaceuticals and healthcare market will continue to perpetuate a high-risk environment for multinational drugmakers, with limited commercial rewards for those firms producing patented medicines.