Despite his lack of success outside Cubahis commitment to worldwide revolution by armed revolt and his subsequent execution in the jungles of Bolivia in made him a martyr for the cause of liberation in South and Central America. The oldest child in the family, Guevara had four younger brothers and sisters.
See Article History Alternative Title: After his execution by the Bolivian army, he was regarded as a martyred hero by generations of leftists worldwide, and his image became an icon of leftist radicalism and anti-imperialism.
Medical school and Motorcycle Diaries: Although suffering from asthmahe excelled as an athlete and a scholar, completing his medical studies in He spent many of his holidays traveling in Latin Americaand his observations of the great poverty of the masses contributed to his eventual conclusion that the only solution lay in violent revolution.
He came to look upon Latin America not as a collection of separate nations but as a cultural and economic entity, the liberation of which would require an intercontinental strategy.
In particular, his worldview was changed by a nine-month journey he began in Decemberwhile on hiatus from medical school, with his friend Alberto Granado. In Guevara went to Guatemalawhere Jacobo Arbenz headed a progressive regime that was attempting to bring about a social revolution.
About that time Guevara acquired his nickname, from a verbal mannerism of Argentines who punctuate their speech with the interjection che.
The overthrow of the Arbenz regime in in a coup supported by the U. This became the cornerstone of his plans to bring about socialism by means of a worldwide revolution.
It was in Guatemala that Guevara became a dedicated Marxist. The few survivors, including the wounded Guevara, reached the Sierra Maestrawhere they became the nucleus of a guerrilla army. Indeed, the complex Guevara, though trained as a healer, also, on occasion, acted as the executioner or ordered the execution of suspected traitors and deserters.
Guevara became a Cuban citizen, as prominent in the newly established Marxist government as he had been in the revolutionary army, representing Cuba on many commercial missions.
- Ernesto Guevara de Serna Ernesto Guevara de Serna was born in Argentina in into a fairly privileged family. He developed serious asthma at the age . Find great deals on eBay for ernesto guevara biography. Shop with confidence. Che Guevara was a Marxist revolutionary allied with Fidel Castro during the Cuban Revolution. Synopsis Born in Rosario, Argentina, in , Ernesto "Che" Guevara de la Serna studied medicine before traveling around South America, observing conditions that spurred his Marxist beliefs.
He also became well known in the West for his opposition to all forms of imperialism and neocolonialism and for his attacks on U. Guevara expounded a vision of a new socialist citizen who would work for the good of society rather than for personal profit, a notion he embodied through his own hard work.
Often he slept in his office, and, in support of the volunteer labour program he had organized, he spent his day off working in a sugarcane field. He grew increasingly disheartened, however, as Cuba became a client state of the Soviet Unionand he felt betrayed by the Soviets when they removed their missiles from the island without consulting the Cuban leadership during the Cuban missile crisis of Back in Cuba, increasingly disillusioned with the direction of the Cuban social experiment and its reliance on the Soviets, Guevara began focusing his attention on fostering revolution elsewhere.
After April he dropped out of public life. His movements and whereabouts for the next two years remained secret. It was later learned that he had traveled to what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo with other Cuban guerrilla fighters in what proved to be a futile attempt to help the Patrice Lumumba Battalion, which was fighting a civil war there.
During that period Guevara resigned his ministerial position in the Cuban government and renounced his Cuban citizenship. After the failure of his efforts in the Congo, he fled first to Tanzania and then to a safe house in a village near Prague. In the autumn of Guevara went to Boliviaincognito beardless and baldto create and lead a guerrilla group in the region of Santa Cruz.
After some initial combat successes, Guevara and his guerrilla band found themselves constantly on the run from the Bolivian army.
Watch video · Che Guevara was born into a middle-class family on June 14, , in Rosario, Argentina. He was plagued by asthma in his youth but still managed to distinguish himself as an athlete. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born in Rosario, Argentina, on June 14th, He was the eldest of five children, and was of Irish and Spanish decent. He was a ferocious and avid rugby player, despite being asthmatic. Ché (Ernesto) Guevara: Revolutionary leader Ernesto Guevara, known around the world by his nickname "Ché," was an Argentine doctor turned Marxist revolutionary who became instrumental in the Cuban revolution during the s.
On October 8,the group was almost annihilated by a special detachment of the Bolivian army aided by CIA advisers. Guevara, who was wounded in the attack, was captured and shot.
Before his body disappeared to be secretly buried, his hands were cut off; they were preserved in formaldehyde so that his fingerprints could be used to confirm his identity. On the 80th anniversary of his birth, another memorial to Guevara, a statue, was dedicated in his hometown, RosarioArgentina, inafter decades of acrimonious debate among its citizens over his legacy.
The Cuban government refuted the claim, citing scientific evidence from including dental structure that, it said, proved that the remains were those of Guevara. He was almost always referenced simply as Che—like Elvis Presleyso popular an icon that his first name alone was identifier enough. Many on the political right condemned him as brutal, cruel, murderous, and all too willing to employ violence to reach revolutionary ends.
Framed by a red-star-studded beret and long hair, his face frozen in a resolute expression, the iconic image was derived from a photo taken by Cuban photographer Alberto Korda on March 5,at a ceremony for those killed when a ship that had brought arms to Havana exploded.
At first the image of Che was worn as a statement of rebellion, then as the epitome of radical chic, and, with the passage of time, as a kind of abstract logo whose original significance may even have been lost on its wearer, though for some he remains an enduring inspiration for revolutionary action.
Guevara, CheDemonstrator carrying a flag bearing an image of Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara at an antigovernment rally in Bangkok, Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born to a middle-class family in Rosario, Santa Fe Province, Argentina, on June 14, Disgusted by the corrupt Argentine military dictatorship, Guevara became a dedicated Marxist while in his teens.
Ché (Ernesto) Guevara: Revolutionary leader Ernesto Guevara, known around the world by his nickname "Ché," was an Argentine doctor turned Marxist revolutionary who became instrumental in the Cuban revolution during the s.
The Italian company Belstaff offers a "Trialmaster Che Guevara replica jacket", a wax cotton, 4 pocket, belted, classic motorcycle jacket – offered as "a perfect replica" of the one worn by a youthful Ernesto Guevara during his famous motorcycle journey across Latin America.
Che Guevara, byname of Ernesto Guevara de la Serna, (born June 14, , Rosario, Argentina—died October 9, , La Higuera, Bolivia), theoretician and tactician of guerrilla warfare, prominent communist figure in the Cuban Revolution (–59), and guerrilla leader in South America.
Che Guevara was a Marxist revolutionary allied with Fidel Castro during the Cuban Revolution. Synopsis Born in Rosario, Argentina, in , Ernesto "Che" Guevara de la Serna studied medicine before traveling around South America, observing conditions that spurred his Marxist beliefs. Watch video · Che Guevara was born into a middle-class family on June 14, , in Rosario, Argentina.
He was plagued by asthma in his youth but still managed to distinguish himself as an athlete.